A Review of Unconscious Bias : FedSmith.com

A Review of Unconscious Bias : FedSmith.com: "Bias is a prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another usually in a way that’s considered to be unfair. Biases may be held by an individual, group, or institution and can have negative or positive consequences. The types of biases are conscious bias (also known as explicit bias) and unconscious bias (also known as implicit bias). Biases are not limited to ethnicity and race and may exist toward or from any social group. One’s physical appearance and/or abilities are subject to bias. Unconscious or implicit bias is “the bias in judgment and/or behavior that results from subtle cognitive processes (e.g. implicit attitudes and stereotypes) that often operate at a level below conscious awareness and without intentional control. It is unlike explicit bias which reflects the attitudes or beliefs that one endorses at a conscious level.” Consider this: Less than 15% of American men are over six-foot tall, yet almost 60% of corporate CEOs are over six foot tall. Less than 4% of American men are over six foot, two inches tall, yet more than 36% of corporate CEOs are over six foot, two inches tall. Why does this happen? Clearly corporate boards of directors do not, when conducting a CEO search, send out a message to “get us a tall guy,” and yet the numbers speak for themselves."

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